Benin scored highly in the Ibrahim Index of African Governance , which comprehensively measures the state of governance across the continent. Court protocols, which demanded that a portion of war captives from the kingdom's many battles be decapitated, decreased the number of enslaved people exported from the area. Dahomey had a military culture aimed at securing and eventually expanding the borders of the small kingdom with its capital at modern day Abomey. This emphasis on military preparation and achievement earned Dahomey the nickname of "black Sparta " from European observers and 19th century explorers like Sir Richard Burton. On November 30, , he renamed the country to People's Republic of Benin. In , the previous six departments were each split into two halves, forming the current
On May 7, , Maga turned over power to Ahomadegbe. Court protocols, which demanded that a portion of war captives from the kingdom's many battles be decapitated, decreased the number of enslaved people exported from the area. The country of Benin has no direct connection to Benin City in modern Nigeria, nor to the Benin bronzes. Politics of Benin Benin's politics take place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic republic , where the President of Benin is both head of state and head of government , within a multi-party system. Those Aja living in Abomey mingled with the local Fon people , also a Gbe people, creating a new ethnic group known as "Dahomey". The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. By the middle of the nineteenth century, Dahomey started to lose its status as the regional power. The Gbe peoples are said to be descendents of a number of migrants from Wyo. The political system is derived from the Constitution of Benin and the subsequent transition to democracy in The banking system collapsed. In , the previous six departments were each split into two halves, forming the current The runoff election was held on March 19, and was won by Boni, who assumed office on April 6. It was renamed on November 30, , to Benin after the body of water on which the country lies, the Bight of Benin , which had in turn been named after the Benin Empire. Dahomey had a military culture aimed at securing and eventually expanding the borders of the small kingdom with its capital at modern day Abomey. The president who led them to independence was Hubert Maga. Executive power is exercised by the government. In , France granted autonomy to the Republic of Dahomey , and full independence as of August 1, The Dahomey Kingdom was known for its culture and traditions. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the legislature. These three agreed to form a presidential council after violence marred the elections. Though the leaders of Dahomey appeared initially to resist the slave trade, it flourished in the region of Dahomey for almost three hundred years beginning in with a trade agreement with Portuguese merchants , leading to the area being named "the Slave Coast". Establishing relations with the People's Republic of China, North Korea , and Libya , he put nearly all businesses and economic activities under state control, causing foreign investment in Benin to dry up. On March 5, , an election was held that was considered free and fair. Benin scored highly in the Ibrahim Index of African Governance , which comprehensively measures the state of governance across the continent. This decline continued until , when the last Portuguese slave ship departed from the coast of the present-day Benin Republic. For the next twelve years, ethnic strife contributed to a period of turbulence. Gangnihessou , a member of an Aja dynasty that in the 16th century along with the Aja populace had come from Tado before settling and ruling separately in what is now Abomey , Allada , and Porto Novo , became the first ruler of the Dahomey Kingdom.
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