Most Bollywood films were unabashedly escapist , but there were also a number of filmmakers who tackled tough social issues, or used the struggle for Indian independence as a backdrop for their plots. Kapoor followed the " tramp " style of Charlie Chaplin , Anand modelled himself after the "suave" style of Hollywood movie stars like Gregory Peck and Cary Grant , and Kumar pioneered a form of method acting that was similar to yet predated Hollywood method actors such as Marlon Brando. It combined the dacoit film conventions of Mother India and Gunga Jumna with that of Spaghetti Westerns , spawning the Dacoit Western genre also known as the " Curry Western " , which was popular in the s. Kareena Kapoor and Bipasha Basu are among the few working actresses from the s who successfully completed 15 years in the industry. Classic Bollywood s—s The screenwriting duo Salim-Javed , consisting of Salim Khan l and Javed Akhtar r , revolutionized Indian cinema in the s,  and are considered Bollywood's greatest screenwriters. The s thus saw the rise of commercial cinema in the form of enduring films such as Sholay , which consolidated Amitabh Bachchan 's position as a lead actor.
The next year, he made another colour film, a version of Mother India. Credit for the term has been claimed by several different people, including the lyricist, filmmaker and scholar Amit Khanna,  and the journalist Bevinda Collaco. However, colour did not become a popular feature until the late s. Its blend of youthfulness, wholesome entertainment, emotional quotients and strong melodies lured family audiences back to the big screen. Examples of this influence include the techniques of a side story , back-story and story within a story. It combined the dacoit film conventions of Mother India and Gunga Jumna with that of Spaghetti Westerns , spawning the Dacoit Western genre also known as the " Curry Western " , which was popular in the s. Ek Prem Katha , Lagaan , Koi Since the s, the three biggest Bollywood movie stars have been the " Three Khans ": Around that time, filmmakers and actors from the Bengali film industry based in Calcutta now Kolkata also began migrating to the Bombay film industry, which for decades after partition would be dominated by actors, filmmakers and musicians with origins in what is today Pakistani Punjab , along with those from Bengal. However, they demonstrated how this creation intersected with people's day to day lives in complex and interesting ways. An early example of this approach was in Mani Ratnam 's Bombay Indian popular films often have plots which branch off into sub-plots; such narrative dispersals can clearly be seen in the films Khalnayak and Gardish. Kapoor and Kumar are among the greatest and most influential movie stars in the history of Indian cinema,   while Nargis is one of its greatest actresses. He has been the most successful Indian actor since the late s. Ever since the social realist film Neecha Nagar won the Grand Prize at the first Cannes Film Festival ,  Hindi films were frequently in competition for the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival throughout the s and early s, with some of them winning major prizes at the festival. Kapoor followed the " tramp " style of Charlie Chaplin , Anand modelled himself after the "suave" style of Hollywood movie stars like Gregory Peck and Cary Grant , and Kumar pioneered a form of method acting that was similar to yet predated Hollywood method actors such as Marlon Brando. The s and s were tumultuous times: Prior to the partition of India , which was divided into the Republic of India and Pakistan , the Bombay film industry now called Bollywood was closely to the Lahore film industry now the Lollywood industry of Pakistani cinema , as both produced films in Hindi-Urdu , or Hindustani , the lingua franca across northern and central India. The One Thousand and One Nights Arabian Nights also had a strong influence, on Parsi theater which performed " Persianate adventure-romances" that were adapted into films, and on early Bombay cinema where "Arabian Nights cinema" was a popular genre. Indian filmmakers, while enhancing the elements of fantasy so pervasive in Indian popular films, used song and music as a natural mode of articulation in a given situation in their films. This decade also marked the entry of new performers in arthouse and independent films, some of which succeeded commercially, the most influential example being Satya , directed by Ram Gopal Varma and written by Anurag Kashyap. The devotional classic Jai Santoshi Ma was also released in The Parsi plays contained crude humour, melodious songs and music, sensationalism and dazzling stagecraft. In the s, many actors, filmmakers and musicians in the Lahore industry migrated to the Bombay industry, including actors such as K. Influences for Bollywood Moti Gokulsing and Wimal Dissanayake identify six major influences that have shaped the conventions of Indian popular cinema: By the s, the industry was producing over films per annum. Pyaar Hai , Gadar:
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