On some islands, formal mourning among close kin and friends may continue for a number of months. A tuning might be invented to play a particular song or facilitate a particular effect, and as late as the s they were often treated as family secrets and passed from generation to generation. Nest in the Wind: Under the provisions of the Compact of Free Association between the FSM and the United States, the United States is granted full authority and responsibility for the nation's security and defense. Long-standing performers like Gabby Pahinui found their careers revitalized; Pahinui, who had begun recording in , finally reached mainstream audiences across the United States when sessions on which Ry Cooder played with him and his family were released as The Gabby Pahinui Hawaiian Band, Vol. Systems of descent vary considerably between and within states. On the FSM's national flag, four white stars on a sea of blue represents the four unified states in a vast expanse of the western Pacific.
Upon a Stone Altar: Hawaiian popular music is largely based on American popular music , but does have distinctive retentions from traditional Hawaiian music. Ho's style often combined traditional Hawaiian elements and older s and s-style crooner music with an easy listening touch. Yapese mainlanders speak a Western Micronesian language. Though built on principles of descent, these extended kinship ties are validated and legitimized by performance, including the sharing of land, food, and resources. A shared national identity has been important for economic and political negotiations with outsiders, but sociocultural diversity within the FSM is more often the hallmark of islander identity. Dialectics of Culture on a Micronesian Island, Death anniversaries are commonly celebrated and may involve community-wide feasts or small family gatherings. Modern Samoan music shows influence from electrical instruments, jazz, and reggae, and even some house and techno styles. Traditional hierarchies and income-based class distinctions are evident in behavior, language, and consumption practices. Coral atolls consist of several small islets within a fringing reef, arranged around a central lagoon. On the main island of Yap, people have affiliations with both a localized, patrilineal land estate and a geographically dispersed matrilineal clan. This trend reversed itself in the final period of Hawaiian music history, the modern period beginning with the Hawaiian Renaissance in the s and continuing with the foundation of a variety of modern music scenes in fields like indie rock , Hawaiian hip hop and Jawaiian. Beyond the Brain Drain. This supralocal identity is of recent origin and rarely supersedes the importance of local communities in day-to-day activities. Regional physical and social science programs within the FSM are limited by inadequate financial support. The flag symbolically acknowledges that although each state is composed of a diversity of cultures over many miles of ocean, they are joined, not separated, Federated States of Micronesia by the sea. High ranking, in genealogy, age, or title, is acknowledged by acts of deference and displays of respect by those of lower rank. Health care is subsidized by the government and provided to citizens for a nominal fee. The shift towards a market-oriented economy, however, has unsettled traditional gender relations. Western models have largely replaced indigenous architectural detailing and design. The cash economy is almost entirely dependent on the flow of funds from the United States. Churches are the primary holy places and are often the most conspicuous buildings in Micronesian communities. The Guitar and Lute Workshop was an early manufacturer and proponent of specialty slack-key guitars in the early s, and the Kamaka Ukulele company was established as key manufacturer of ukuleles for Hawaiian musical acts. Alcoholism and the declining influence of extended kin on nuclear family relationships appear to be factors in the increasing incidence of physical and sexual domestic abuse. To date, local fishing companies and joint ventures have had limited success, but the sale of fishing licenses and access rights to the EEZ account for over half of the nation's internal revenue. Rhythm is mostly in duple meter.
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