Definition[ edit ] Synecdoche is a rhetorical trope and a type of figurative speech similar to metonymy —a figure of speech that uses a term that denotes one thing to refer to a related thing. Synecdoche Definition of Synecdoche Synecdoche is a figure of speech in which a word or phrase that refers to a part of something is substituted to stand in for the whole, or vice versa. It is also popular in advertising. Authors have used metonymy for millennia for many different reasons. Hamlet by William Shakespeare Shakespeare used metonymy in many of his plays and poems. By exploring the usage of synecdoche in literature, we are able to better understand the human mind.
Whether or not authors use synecdoche intentionally, any connection between previously unassociated concepts creates new cognitive links. It is more distantly related to other figures of speech, such as metaphor. This is a less obvious metonym because often the team name is a group of people the Cowboys, for instance , yet of course the football players who make up the Dallas Cowboys are not, in fact, cowboys. She does so by referring to the parts of the their bodies as having needs of their own. One primary reason is simply to address something in a more poetic and unique way. In the Party histories, of course, Big Brother figured as the leader and guardian of the Revolution since its very earliest days. However, there are many more words in common usage that are metonyms. In fact, to the outside observer there is not much different between the two places, but the inhabitants of East Egg find it very important to establish the distinctions between them. Definition[ edit ] Synecdoche is a rhetorical trope and a type of figurative speech similar to metonymy —a figure of speech that uses a term that denotes one thing to refer to a related thing. Here is a list of some of these examples: Burke's primary concern with these four master tropes is not simply their figurative usage but their role in the discovery and description of the truth. Example 3 The party preserved a dignified homogeneity, and assumed to itself the function of representing the staid nobility of the countryside—East Egg condescending to West Egg, and carefully on guard against its spectroscopic gayety. Authors have used metonymy for millennia for many different reasons. His exploits had been gradually pushed backwards in time until already they extended into the fabulous world of the forties and the thirties, when the capitalists in their strange cylindrical hats still rode through the streets of London in great gleaming motor-cars or horse carriages with glass sides. Common Examples of Synecdoche There are many common expressions that are examples of synecdoche. Their bodies are not just for work, but instead for love, rest, dance, and support. Thus metonymy creates new connections in this example. Metonymy, on the other hand, can refer to the substitution of a term that is connected in any way to the original concept. This practice is especially common in the Petrarchan sonnet , where the idealised beloved is often described part by part, from head to toe. May Part referring to whole pars pro toto [ edit ] Referring to a person according to a single characteristic: The residence of an executive is often credited for the executive's action. This affirms the importance of the community to which she is preaching and the individuals that make it up. A sea-cloth was set, a sail with ropes, firm to the mast; the flood-timbers moaned; nor did wind over billows that wave-swimmer blow across from her course. Example 4 He tried to remember in what year he had first heard mention of Big Brother. Please improve the article by adding more descriptive text and removing less pertinent examples. Since synecdoche uses a part to represent a whole, its use requires the audience to make associations and "fill in the gaps", engaging with the ad by thinking about the product.
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