During the late 19th century, novelists, social reformers and feminists emerged from Muslim Bengali society. The United Front coalition swept aside the Muslim League in a landslide victory in the East Bengali legislative election. Several towns in Bangladesh participated in the Indian Mutiny and pledged allegiance to the last Mughal emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar , who was later exiled to neighboring Burma. History of Bangladesh Early and medieval periods Seal of the King Shashanka , who created the first separate political entity in Bengal , called the Gauda Kingdom Stone Age tools found in Bangladesh indicate human habitation for over 20, years,  and remnants of Copper Age settlements date back 4, years. The Khan dynasty are considered local heroes for resisting North Indian invasions with their river navies.
The Mughals established Dhaka as a fort city and commercial metropolis, and it was the capital of Mughal Bengal for 75 years. Segments of the Bengali elite supported Mustafa Kemal Ataturk secularist forces. In Huq supported the Lahore Resolution , which envisaged independent states in the northwestern and eastern Muslim-majority regions of the subcontinent. The Islamic conquest of Bengal began with the invasion by Bakhtiar Khilji ; after annexing Bengal to the Delhi Sultanate , Khilji waged a military campaign in Tibet. The Arakan region was brought under Bengali hegemony. Political repression increased after the coup. At the preliminary joint meeting, it was decided votes to 90 that if the province remained united it should join the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan. The British established tax-free river ports , such as the Port of Narayanganj , and large seaports like the Port of Chittagong. The Dominion of Pakistan was created on 14 August The United Front coalition swept aside the Muslim League in a landslide victory in the East Bengali legislative election. The term Vangaladesa is found in 11th-century South Indian records. In Dhaka became the seat of the National Assembly of Pakistan , a move seen as appeasing increased Bengali nationalism. At another meeting of legislators from East Bengal , it was decided votes to 35 that the province should not be partitioned and votes to 34 that East Bengal should join the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan if Bengal was partitioned. During the 18th century, the Nawabs of Bengal became the region's de facto rulers. East Bengal's plantation economy was important to the British Empire, particularly its jute and tea. Ethnic and linguistic discrimination was common in Pakistan's civil and military services, in which Bengalis were under-represented. The construction of mosques, Islamic academies madrasas and Sufi monasteries khanqahs facilitated conversion, and Islamic cosmology played a significant role in developing Bengali Muslim society. Fifteen percent of Pakistani central-government offices were occupied by East Pakistanis, who formed 10 percent of the military. The early Iron Age saw the development of metal weaponry, coinage , agriculture and irrigation. Nazimuddin, Mohammad Ali of Bogra and Suhrawardy. Several towns in Bangladesh participated in the Indian Mutiny and pledged allegiance to the last Mughal emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar , who was later exiled to neighboring Burma. Starting in the s, Bengali nationalists used the term in political rallies in East Pakistan. The British government reorganized the provinces in , reuniting East and West Bengal and making Assam a second province. Electricity and municipal water systems were introduced in the s; cinemas opened in many towns during the early 20th century. General Yahya Khan assumed power, reintroducing martial law. Khan introduced a new constitution in , replacing Pakistan's parliamentary system with a presidential and gubernatorial system based on electoral college selection known as Basic Democracy.
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